When it comes to replacing missing teeth, dentures are a popular option. But not all dentures are created equal. Different grades of dentures can have a big impact on your oral health and the longevity of your dentures. It's important to understand the different types of dentures and the materials used to make them so you can make an informed decision.
Materials play an important role in distinguishing quality dentures from lower quality ones. Generally, higher quality dentures are made with high-grade acrylic or porcelain to simulate or combine natural teeth. These dentures tend to last longer than lower quality options. According to the National Institute of Health, acrylic resin or plastic is the most commonly used material for dentures.
Acrylic resin is lightweight, cost-effective, and non-reactive with oral soft tissues. It also adapts perfectly to the desired space and is more comfortable for the patient. The thickness of the base material should be at least 1.5 mm to prevent cracking. Various brands of acrylic resin are available in the market today.
Porcelain is a more durable material than acrylic and will last longer. It also looks natural and is translucent, allowing it to show off its own unique features. However, porcelain is more expensive than acrylic.
Metal is another option for dentures, but it is not as popular as acrylic or porcelain. Metal dentures are more expensive than other materials, but they are also more durable and can last a lifetime with proper care.
Implant-retained dentures are another option for those looking for a more secure fit. These dentures use titanium implant posts to hold them in place, making them smaller, more stable, and more natural looking than traditional overdentures. They are also more affordable.
Partial dentures are used to replace missing teeth and come in two main types: fixed and removable. Fixed partial dentures are best suited for patients who need to replace several teeth, while removable partial dentures are more affordable and easier to care for.
Having ill-fitting dentures can have negative effects on your health. This is especially true for older adults who often have extensive bone loss. Ill-fitting dentures can lead to mouth sores, gum infections, difficulties eating and speaking, a sunken face, and pressure points on the jawline that can cause temporomandibular joint (TMJ) problems.