Why Do Dentures Hurt? A Comprehensive Guide

Pain in the mouth can be a sign that something is wrong with your dental prosthesis. It can occur when you chew, or after wearing the dentures throughout the day. This may be an indication of nerve pain, which can be a long-term side effect of using dentures. On the other hand, you may feel pain above and below your teeth. This can be an indicator of friction, indicating that the denture does not fit properly.

The discomfort and pain of partial dentures are often due to a partial denture that doesn't fit well. Parts that don't fit properly can irritate the mouth, cause pain and increase the risk of infections. While the partial parts may seem bulky or uncomfortable at first, they shouldn't hurt as you adjust. If they do, be sure to talk to your dentist about how to fix them.

Any dental procedure you recently had before receiving partial surgery can also cause pain as it heals. The chance of bacteria building up in the dental prosthesis increases if the denture is not cleaned properly. This buildup of bacteria can also cause painful sores to form in the mouth.

Whether you are wearing partial or complete dentures, you may be wondering why dentures hurt. Dentures are designed to replace missing teeth, and they can help you eat better and improve your overall quality of life. But like all good things, they can also cause pain. Here's a look at some of the most common reasons why dentures hurt, and what you can do to prevent it.

Improperly Fitted Dentures

Dentures that aren't properly fitted can cause painful friction against the gums, leading to sores. If you wear your dentures for long enough, you may even get thrush, which is a yeast infection.

You may also suffer from jaw pain from improperly fitted dentures. Getting a dentist to check the fit of your dentures is the first step to determining the reason for the pain.

Poor Dental Hygiene

It's also important to clean your dentures on a regular basis. Food particles can foster inflammatory plaque, which can cause discomfort to the gums. This is especially true if you're chewing on hard or crunchy foods.

Tooth Extractions

You may also experience discomfort from a tooth extraction, as sharp points in the bone can cause painful areas in the gums. While this pain is normal, you may want to avoid chewing on the affected area for a few weeks.

Partial Dentures

If you suffer from sore gums, you may want to consider removing your dentures for the night. While you may be tempted to leave them in, this is actually the worst idea.

An increase in the number of bacteria in the mouth increases the chances of fungus forming under the teeth. This increases the risk of developing painful sores. When your denture stops fitting properly, it will cause discomfort and pain in your mouth. Some of the reasons your dental prosthesis may no longer fit you include losing or gaining weight on your face and losing bone in your jaw as you age.

Cheilitis and Stomatitis

This is a painful infection that causes swelling and cracks in the corners of the mouth. It is caused by excessive fungal growth. Yeast can build up in moist areas of the mouth if the denture doesn't fit properly. To prevent cheilitis (also called cheilosis), visit your dentist regularly to make sure your dentures fit well.

Also, try not to rub or lick the corners of your mouth. Both cheilitis and stomatitis can be treated with medications and with proper dental care. While your dentures may never feel as comfortable as your natural teeth, they shouldn't cause any discomfort. If you notice jaw pain, uneven pressure, or other discomfort, talk to your dentist or denturist.

Bone Resorption

If you feel sharp or severe pain in or near your canine teeth, especially when you bite, this may indicate bone resorption. Discuss this issue with your oral health advisor as soon as possible. When symptoms are noticed, you may see small red bumps on the palate or general redness of the mouth, especially under the upper dental prosthesis. Finally, localized sore spots may be related to an inaccurate bite, which can cause the teeth to shift and exert uneven pressure on the gums.

Denture Stores

If you have gum pain or partial pain from your dentures, visit your dentist who can check the fit of the parts and correct any misalignment, and recommend other treatments to relieve pain or discomfort. Another thing that can be painful is when you have an inflammation of your mouth called dental stomatitis (also known as thrush). Similarly, if you had some natural teeth that were extracted at the time of getting new teeth, then areas where extractions were performed may be painful or uncomfortable until several weeks after teeth were extracted.

If this is your first time wearing dentures then you'll have to wait for a short adjustment period as your mouth gets used to them. This will help you know what type of dental prosthesis may cause you most discomfort if not taken care of properly. Before using denture adhesive wait until areas where teeth were removed have healed usually seven to ten days.

In general remove your dentures every night clean them thoroughly and place them in a container with liquid dental cleaner or water to soak them overnight so if notice changes in appearance of cheeks or jaw then may need adjust dentures.

Soft Lining

You may need soft lining for dental prosthesis after these procedures or bite may be modified to equalize pressure during transition period regular visits dentist or prosthodontist recommended adjust dental prosthesis as go through normal healing process.


The good news is that you don't have to suffer from gum pain in silence and there are few simple things that can help ease partial denture pain they may not threaten function of dental prosthesis but do create sharp irregular surfaces that irritate or cut soft tissues so if notice changes appearance cheeks jaw then need adjust dentures.

Eugene Daczewitz
Eugene Daczewitz

Typical pop culture junkie. Incurable foodaholic. Award-winning sushiaholic. Award-winning pop culture scholar. Devoted pizza trailblazer.

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