Humans have wisdom teeth for a variety of reasons, but they can also cause a lot of problems. From pain and infection to overcrowding and shifting of other teeth, wisdom teeth can be a real nuisance. In this article, we'll discuss why humans have wisdom teeth, the risks associated with them, and what you can do to prevent or treat any issues.
The Purpose of Wisdom Teeth
Wisdom teeth are the last set of adult teeth to develop and typically erupt between the ages of 17 and 21. Two wisdom teeth are usually located on top and two on the bottom, although some people may have three or five. They are the final set of teeth you will ever have.
Unfortunately, wisdom teeth don't always grow in the right way. Many people eventually need to have them taken out because they can be difficult to clean and to look at when they aren't in the appropriate place. This is especially true if they are impacted, meaning they lack space to erupt because they aren't fully formed.
Infection is another common problem associated with wisdom teeth. Infections can cause tooth deterioration, foul breath, and harm to the teeth next to it. Additionally, it raises the chance of cyst development which can damage nerves and the jawbone.
Cleaning around impacted wisdom teeth is also challenging. A buildup of food and bacteria could result in an illness which can spread to other body parts. Chlorhexidine mouthwash helps stop an infection from spreading.
Swollen and inflamed gums are another typical issue concerning wisdom teeth. The gums may exude pus when infected which may indicate that the infection has migrated beyond the tooth and is affecting the nearby tissue.
They Might Hurt
There are numerous reasons why wisdom teeth hurt. These causes include crowding, edema, and infection. It is best to speak with your dentist if you believe that you may need to have your wisdom teeth extracted.
Using an ice pack or taking medicines might ease the pain brought on by an infection. To get the infection treated, though, you might need to visit your dentist if the pain is unbearable.
A foul taste in the mouth can also be brought on by wisdom teeth. They may make it challenging to properly open your mouth and chew food. They may also exert pressure on the sinuses. These signs can persist for several weeks.
If the tooth has just partially erupted, this is another cause of pain. As a result, there can be a gap between the tooth and the gum where food and bacteria can gather. Cavities may result from that.
They Are Able To Move Existing Teeth
It happens frequently when wisdom teeth erupt and move neighboring teeth. The new teeth may force the existing ones into an uncomfortable position depending on the angle of emergence. This may result in discomfort, infections, or even tooth decay.
Teeth shifting are frequently more noticeable in those using fixed retainers. You can take action in this situation to lessen the impact.
When it comes to teeth moving, there are numerous things to take into account, and getting a new set of braces isn't the sole solution. Additionally, you must ensure that your mouth is in good enough shape for your new set of teeth to work effectively. You might wish to get a dental cleaning in addition to the braces. Your dentist may advise surgery to remove the bone tissue that supports your teeth if you have a lot of teeth.